In the middle of the 19th century there was merchant Baykov’s mansion in place of the school. It was later purchased by Tambov eparchy and turned into the 2nd religious school formerly located in Lebedyan of Lipetsk uyezd. In 1885 the buildings of the old mansion were demolished. Instead, they built a two-storey building in austere style. Later, from the side of Dvoryanskaya Street (currently Internatsionalnaya Street) a two-storey school church joined the main building. In 1904 the school church was consecrated in the name of Reverend Serafim Sarovsky. From then on, the school was called Serafim church school.
During the years of World War I, the school building was used as a hospital. Nicholas II and his family attended this hospital in December, 1914. From 1918, the church school was transformed into secondary comprehensive school. During the years of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, the school housed an evacuation hospital as the memorial plate on the facade says. Another memorial plate reminds people about four Heroes of the Soviet Union having studied here – B.A. Fyodorov, V.A. Mikhaylov, V.A. Efimov, G.A. Nazarov.